East-West Neighbors (2016) 18 HD
At the same time, however, a sizable minority of Polish adults take the opposite position. Almost one-in-five Poles (18%) say they would not be willing to accept Jews as citizens of their country, and a similar share (20%) say they would not want Jewish neighbors. Nearly a third of Polish adults (30%) say they would not accept a Jewish person as a member of their family.
Polish views are more negative when it comes to two other minority groups in Europe: Muslims and Roma (sometimes called Romani or Gypsies, a term some consider pejorative). Roughly four-in-ten or more Polish adults say they would not want Muslims to be citizens of their country (41%), their neighbors (43%) or members of their family (55%). Likewise, at least three-in-ten Poles would not accept Roma as fellow citizens (30%), neighbors (38%) or family members (49%).
In a separate question, Western Europeans also are much more likely than their Central and Eastern European counterparts to say they would accept Muslims in their neighborhoods.1 For example, 83% of Finns say they would be willing to accept Muslims as neighbors, compared with 55% of Ukrainians. And although the divide is less stark, Western Europeans are more likely to express acceptance toward Jews in their neighborhoods as well.
To be sure, not every country in Europe neatly falls into this pattern. For example, in the Baltic states of Latvia and Estonia, the vast majority of people say being Christian (specifically Lutheran) is not important to their national identity. Still, relatively few express willingness to accept Muslims as family members or neighbors.
This is not to suggest that support for multiculturalism is universal even in Western Europe. Substantial shares of the public in many Western European countries view being Christian as a key component of their national identity and say they would not accept Muslims or Jews as relatives. And of course, the United Kingdom voted in 2016 to leave the European Union, which many have suggested came in part due to concerns about immigration and open borders. But on the whole, people in Western European countries are much more likely than their neighbors in the East to embrace multiculturalism.
For example, fully half or more of adults in Greece, Bosnia, Armenia, Georgia and Romania say religion is very important in their lives, compared with about one-in-ten in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and several other Western European countries. Similarly, roughly three-in-ten Slovaks, Greeks and Ukrainians say they pray daily, compared with 8% in Austria and Switzerland. Western Europeans also are more likely than their neighbors in the East to say they never pray (e.g., 62% in Denmark vs. 28% in Russia).
Iraq and Its Neighbors: Enhancing Dialogue and Regional Integration in West AsiaThe project aims at assisting Iraq to transform from being a theater for proxy wars to become a bridge-builder and center for regional interdependence through improved bilateral and multilateral relations with its key five neighbors: Saudi Arabia, Iran, Jordan, Turkey and Kuwait. Key policy ideas will be developed for regional and bilateral cooperation in the areas of security, politics, people-to-people relations, economy, energy and environmental cooperation. In cooperation with the Center for Applied Research in Partnership with the Orient (CARPO).
The Black Sea region is of crucial significance for Europe, being a major crossroads and critical intersection of east-west and south-north corridors. Many experts believe that whoever controls or dominates the Black Sea can easily project power to the European continent, mainly in the Balkans and Central Europe, but also in the Eastern Mediterranean as well as the South Caucasus and the northern Middle East.
By June of 2019, we began to see the development of cooler-than-normal sea surface temperatures off the Java coast, indicating the initiation of the latest positive IOD event. In the following few months, the region of below-average temperatures rapidly intensified and expanded northward off the western coast of Sumatra. With positive temperature departures intensifying in the western Indian Ocean, the east-west contrast of Indian Ocean temperature departures peaked in austral spring before rapidly weakening in December.
9/5/2017 - Updated ES, MS, HS, CH, Safe Passage, IL House, IL Senate, Wards, and Congressional overlays. Updated the SchoolData fusion table with 2017-18 school information (2016-17 comparison data).
The Warsaw meeting was an important bilateral development in itself, as until only recently the two neighboring countries remained in a state of permanent low-key conflict, driven by numerous historical, political and ideological disagreements. At the same time, the ongoing normalization of relations seems to reflect changing regional patterns. It corresponds to the spirit of the European Union's recent European Neighborhood Policy review, which emphasizes Brussels' willingness to put its relations with immediate neighbors in the East on a more pragmatic and differentiated footing (Eeas.europa.eu, November 18, 2015). It also reflects the need to look for new approaches to regional cooperation amidst the unpredictable security implications of the military-political confrontation between Russia and the West.
Firstly, it can be seen as part of the EU's overall reconsideration of its cooperation with its Eastern neighbors: the European Neighborhood Policy was reviewed in 2015 and now claims to prioritize stability, pragmatism and a country-specific approach over previously more abstract values-driven goals (Eeas.europa.eu, November 18, 2015). It also goes hand-in-hand with the rapprochement between Belarus and the EU, which saw the abolition of European sanctions in February. Poland's government supported the move actively (Radio Poland, February 15).